Alpine systems & changing biosphere
SNSB have an excellent infrastructure to document and interpret the changing biosphere. Alpine systems represent a special model region. SNSB research focuses on the understanding of alpine systems, changes and interactions of bio- and geodiversity dynamics in this natural area, but also on its settlement history and anthropogenic influence.
Flora of Bavaria
The initiative aims to describe all of Bavaria's more than 4,000 flowering plants and ferns, including naturally occurring, newly naturalized, invasive and extinct species. The project records and documents the state of the Bavarian flora over time and space. The botanical database has now grown to more than 15 million records.
The loss of biodiversity and the transformation of biosphere in the wake of the human-induced global change are among the greatest challenges of the future, in Bavaria and worldwide. Natural history collections make a crucial contribution to finding answers to the related questions.
Prehistoric elefant & more
The Munich Paleontological Museum displays impressive fossils - including the first herbivorous prehistoric reptiles, viviparous Ichthyosaurs with embryos, giant flying dinosaurs, the largest Bavarian dinosaur, mammals of the Ice Age such as the mammoth, giant deer and saber-toothed cat, and the impressive skeleton of the Mühldorf prehistoric elephant.
Among natural history collections and museums, the Munich State Zoological Collection is the world's largest sample provider for global DNA barcoding of animal species. In the overall statistics, the ZSM ranks second, just behind the Centre for Biodiversity Genomics in Guelph, Canada, the center for global DNA barcoding and the Barcode of Life Database (BOLD).
Bavarian Natural History Collections
The Bavarian Natural History Collections (Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns, SNSB) archive around 32 million specimens – the second largest natural history collection in Germany. The state collections are very broadly positioned with anthropology, paleoanatomy, botany, mineralogy, paleontology, geology and zoology. The scientific collections are used in many ways by research, but they also provide a basis for academic education and numerous exhibitions in the SNSB museums.
Researchers find new species of bizarre crocodile relatives in East Greenland
Crown-of-thorns seastar from Red Sea is endemic species
Cross-border data pipeline for the flora of the Bohemian Forest
Numbers, data and facts
7 Natural History Collections
geology and paleontology,
mineralogy, anthropology und paleoanatomy
32 million specimens
10 Natural History Museums
in Munich, Eichstätt, Bamberg,
Bayreuth, Nördlingen and Nürnberg and the
Botanical Garden München-Nymphenburg
30 special exhibitions